Sri Lanka has a modern history that goes back 3,000 years and scientists have found evidence that prehistoric people have inhabited the island for 125,000 years or more. Sri Lanka was colonized by the Portuguese, Dutch, and British over the years and gained independence in 1948. The island has a warm and tropical climate and is home to an amazing range of land animals and marine life.
The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, sripping down from the south of India like a teardrop, separated by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The island itself takes up around 62,00 square kilometers (38,525 miles) and it is home to almost 22 million people. Like many of the other nations in the Indian Ocean, scuba diving in Sri Lanka is a favorite pastime with three distinct regions to its east, west, and south, this former Silk Road trade route stop-off is famous for its abundance of coral, exotic marine life and dreamy beaches.