Diving in the South Federal District

The Kabardino-Balkaria Republic may not be the first place a diver thinks of when wanting to scuba dive in Russia; however, this region’s many waterways sit just waiting to be explored. Convening in the southwest corner of Russia, the Sea of Azov, Black Sea, and many deep lakes surround the Kabardino-Balkaria Republic. The deep, clear freshwater karst lakes give way to extensive underwater cave systems that will excite the most experienced cave diver. These underwater gems sit within the high-peaked Caucasus Mountains. The many lakes’ rocky underwater terrain are home to well-preserved shipwrecks from various eras. Coming down from the mountains, Russia diving in the Black and Azov Seas is fantastic. One of the best locations to access these saltwater dive sites is on the Crimean Peninsula. Surrounded on three sides by both seas, diving in Crimea is exciting and varied. Within the warmer waters of the Black Sea, you can see many different algae species, underwater artifacts, shipwrecks, and marine mammals like the white-bellied seal and Black Sea bottlenose dolphin.

Dive Sites to visit in South federal district

Featured places to go in South federal district

Wildlife Encounters in South federal district

Freshwater life seen while diving the Caucasus Mountains lakes are typical of this region. The lakes are home to grass carp, carp, and trout. In the Lower Blue Lake (Tserik-Kel), you will only find gammarus. While diving in the Black Sea, you will encounter marine life similar to that of the Mediterranean. Due to the lower salinity of both the Black Sea and Azov Sea, there are unique species of sea urchins, starfish, corals, sponges, ascidians, and some fish used to the desalinated water. In the Black Sea, divers will also see dolphins, catsharks, two ray species, rockfish, croaker, mullet, doggies, greenfinches, flounder, and more.